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Year 1

Year 1 Programme of Study


Number – Number and place value

Pupils should be taught to:

·         count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

·         count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals;

·         count in multiples of twos, fives and tens

·         given a number, identify one more and one less

·         identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least

·         read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words. 

Number – Addition and subtraction 

Pupils should be taught to:

·         read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (–) and equals (=) signs

·         represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

·         add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including zero

·         solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 =  □  –  9. 

Number – Multiplication and division 

Pupils should be taught to:

·         solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher. 

Number – Fractions 

Pupils should be taught to:

·         recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

·         recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity. 


Pupils should be taught to:

·         compare, describe and solve practical problems for lengths and heights (for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half)

·         mass or weight (for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than)

·         capacity and volume (for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter)

·         time (for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later);

·         measure and begin to record the following: lengths and heights, mass/weight, capacity and volume and time (hours, minutes, seconds).

·         recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes

·         sequence events in chronological order using language (for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening)

·         recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years

·         tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. 

Geometry – Properties of shapes 

Pupils should be taught to:

·         recognise and name common 2D and 3D shapes, including

·         2D shapes (for example, rectangles, squares, circles and triangles)

·         3D shapes (for example, cuboids, cubes, pyramids and spheres) .


Geometry – Position and direction 

Pupils should be taught to:

·         describe position, directions and movements, including half, quarter and three- quarter turns.